Why an effective defense in layers approaches crucial for your cyber security strategy
With the ever-expanding list of cyber security threats, such as malware, ransomware, and insider threats, it has become a widely accepted notion among experts that it's not a question of if your company will experience a cyber attack, but rather when.
Do you know what you’re looking for?
What Attacks You Should Be Checking For
MalwareThis broad category encompasses spyware, viruses, trojans and worms. The common attribute is that all malware is developed solely to cause harm to computers, servers, or networks.
RansomwareOne of the most common types of malware that gets a lot of media attention, ransomware denies the victim access to their data until they pay a ransom to release it.
PhishingIn a phishing attack, the criminal sends fraudulent emails containing malicious files or scripts to unsuspecting users. This type of attack exploits an organization’s point of vulnerability: its employees.
Man-in-the-Middle AttacksThese attackers exploit network security vulnerabilities by inserting themselves between someone’s device and the network, thereby redirecting information to themselves rather than the legitimate destination.
Denial-of-Service AttacksBy flooding a system, server or network with traffic and requests, denial-of-service attacks can incapacitate a system or even take it completely offline, preventing it from fulfilling legitimate requests.
Social Engineering AttacksIn these attacks, the attacker uses social interaction and/or psychological manipulation to gain the trust of a human being, who then hands over login information or otherwise lets the attackers into the system.
Defense in Layers Requires Proactive Focus
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Physical ControlsThese are tools that control physical access to an organization’s IT systems, such as security teams, locked doors with managed access, biometrics, fences, video security, and the like.
Administrative ToolsEmployee training for both in-office and remote workforces as well as company policies, hiring practices and background checks are examples of administrative tools companies can use to protect data.
TechnologyOrganizations should include several different types of data security technology tools, such as:
• Antivirus software
• Authentication/password security
• Virtual private networks (VPNs)
• Multi-factor authentication
• Intrusion prevention software
Types of data security
Removable Data StorageOffline, removable data management. Data is stored on CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray, USB or other offline media to keep it out of the hands of cyber criminals.
WORM TechnologyWrite once, read many (WORM) technology. Data is written indelibly on removable management media so that it can be read any number of times, but never manipulated or changed.
Chain of CustodyChain of custody. Movement of data is tracked through its lifecycle to document each user that handles it.
Backup and RecoveryAir-gapped, offline backup and recovery. A copy of your data is kept offline and inaccessible from the internet so that cyber criminals can’t get to it.